Text Complexity

text matters 7 actions cover

16 August 2012

Text Matters Article

7 Actions that Teachers Can Take Right Now: Text Complexity

A separate standard for text complexity in the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) means that this feature of reading development is at the center of many conversations among educators. How this standard translates into classroom instruction is less clear. Even with current texts, teachers can take some important actions to support their students on the staircase of text complexity—right now!


14 February 2014


Essential Insights into Text Complexity and the New Assessments: Three Articles from Reading Today

A collection of Freddy's published articles in Reading Today on text complexity and the upcoming assessments.


23 January 2014


TextProject Answers: Text Complexity

Freddy Hiebert answers a collection of frequently asked questions on the topic of Text Complexity.

text matters tcmi cover

16 August 2012

Text Matters Article

The Text Complexity Multi-Index

The Text Complexity Multi-Index (TCMI) is a process for matching texts with students. The process attends to all three dimensions that were recommended by the Common Core State Standards (CCSS Initiative, 2011) for selecting texts: (a) quantitative, (b) qualitative, and (c) reader-text match. Qualitative measures are of two types: comparison with a set of benchmark texts and a scheme for analyzing core traits of texts. The two types of qualitative measures mean that the TCMI process has four steps.


3 January 2018


Multi-Level Text Sets: Leveling the Playing Field or Sidelining Struggling Readers?

Several current programs promise that, at the touch of a button, teachers can precisely match texts to students’ reading proficiency. An analysis of the most popular of these programs suggests, however, that the modifications made to texts for students most in need may create obstacles to their progress in reading.