Assessment is all about understanding what knowledge learners have gained. In the formative assessment process, teachers and students gather information as part of the teaching-learning cycle. Summative assessments focus on the outcomes of the teaching-learning process— information that is frequently used in high-stakes contexts by policy makers. Currently, many states are moving into a new generation of summative assessments. TextProject is committed to providing educators with the best possible guidance and resources about the new generation of assessments.